Not necessarily, a Limited Company can result in you paying less tax and – while a Company owner might lose their business – a Sole Trader (self-employed) can lose personal assets as well! See video.
If profits are below about £12,570, acting as a Sole Trader makes very good sense from a tax point of view. And even on profits above that, maybe up to £25.000/£30,000 the tax savings of a company aren’t necessarily big enough to justify some of the extra expenses of running a company. A sole trader pays income tax and National Insurance at 20%+9%=29% on much of their income, whereas a Limited Company owner pays Corporation Tax and dividend tax which equate to about 25%. But this saving of 4% tax on lower levels of income is not that significant. However, the tax advantages of a company do become more compelling when profits reach about £30,000.
And, when profits rise above £50,270, Limited Company owners can reduce their personal tax from the higher rate of 40% to as little as 20% – by keeping profits in the company until a later tax year – or by possibly making a spouse a shareholder in the Company. On profits of £80,000, this might save about £8,500 Income Tax.